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The Qatar Red Crescent distributed winter relief materials during the Warm Winter campaign in 2014 and 2015, 2016 and 2017 targeting displaced Iraqi families in Mosul, Anbar, Amiriyah Fallujah, the suburbs of Baghdad, Diyala Governorate, the suburbs of Ramadi and the desert areas between Hīt and Rutba in Anbar Governorate, and Halabja.
The Qatar Red Crescent – Iraq Mission
Chapter 1: Year Review on the Global Scale
First – Map:
Second: Main Focus (Sectors)
The Iraq mission works primarily on the following activities:
1- Water and sanitation.
2- Primary and secondary healthcare.
3- Relief (temporary shelter - distribution of food and non-food items)
4- Early recovery
In response to the troubling humanitarian situation experienced by Iraq in general and the city of Mosul in particular, during the years 2016 - 2017 and the large waves of displacement witnessed in different areas of Iraq as a result of military operations and armed conflicts since the start of military operations from mid-October 2016; the stages and mechanisms of response to the crisis can be summarized in four stages as follows:
1- Stage 1 (Operations to Retake Eastern Mosul):
Lasted for 8 months
1. Responding to continuous daily displacement waves and providing humanitarian support by mobilizing field teams for urgent response.
2. Being present in the front areas of displacement and on the front lines to provide basic and urgent support for the displaced from their homes during the first minutes of displacement
3. Having access to the retaken cities for the assessment of quick needs to elaborate emergency response plans.
4. Providing emergency relief support to the residents of the retaken cities and neighborhoods to encourage them not to leave and stay in their homes through the provision of basic needs.
5. Executing emergency relief operations on the eastern and southern axes along the frontal displacement lines in parallel with ongoing needs assessments.
6. Receiving full healthcare services on the eastern axis by supporting the capacity of the health centers inside the camps in eastern Mosul to provide primary healthcare services.
7. Supporting the water and sanitation sector on both the eastern and southern axes by providing drinking water sources and campaigns to promote personal hygiene through the volunteers of the Crescent, including the distribution of personal hygiene kits.
8. Providing emergency shelter solutions in light of the continuing movements of sudden displacement.
9. Continuing to coordinate with international movement partners, international partners and the United Nations to provide a more effective response.
10. Continuing to strengthen the capabilities of the Qatar Red Crescent Mission in Iraq through the provision of storehouses with a large capacity in different geographical areas close to the areas of relief operations.
11. Since January 2017, the Crescent established an office and warehouse in eastern Mosul (Gogjali quarter) during the war.
2- Stage 2 phase (Operations to Retake Western Mosul):
Lasted for 5 months
In total, the same activities and mechanisms executed during the first stage of the operations to retake Mosul city continued, with the indication of the following points:
1. Receiving the provision of secondary healthcare services and surgeries almost completely through the erection and establishment of a surgical field hospital in the area of Hamam al-Alil, south of Mosul in addition to the operation of Mosul General Hospital, which is the only hospital working in the right side from the start of the war until now; this had a significant effect in strengthening the humanitarian role of the State of Qatar and the Qatar Red Crescent Society, and was met with very high praise at the level of organizations working in the field of humanitarian work, including United Nations agencies and partners of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, as well as international partners, and also received great interest from global mass media (written and audio) through professional media reports, in addition to the great interest through the visits of local and government officials, led by Mr. Osama al-Nujaifi, Vice President of the Republic of Iraq.
2. Partnerships with United Nations agencies and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) have been expanded. It is worth noting an honoring historic precedent here for QRCS, which is the execution of a project with the International Committee of the Red Cross under the supervision and management of a national association (Mosul General Hospital) after QRCS arrived in record time despite the continuation of military operations in the region.
3. The Crescent has a large community acceptance in Nineveh governorate.
4. The Crescent coordinated with various local authorities and military leaders.
5. The Crescent contributed to providing job opportunities for displaced people inside and outside camps.
6. The Crescent contributed to reducing the waves of displacement by entering the depth of the city of Mosul on the front lines since the start of the war to provide the basic needs for besieged families.
7. After liberation of the left side, the Crescent opened an office in Al-Ziraai Quarter in March 2017.
8. The Crescent obtained all approvals and coordination for the work of the office inside the city of Mosul officially.
3- Stage 2 (Presence in Security Check Points):
Lasted for 2 months
Response to the northern Mosul crises (northwest Nineveh) - Tal Afar (west of Nineveh) - Tal Afar (west of Kirkuk)
1. The Crescent was distiguished by its presence inside the initial displacement points (security screening).
2. The Crescent was the only organization located in Badush point northwest of Mosul (the largest point).
3. The response was quick and in record time in coordination with the Iraqi army.
4. The Crescent provided integrated services (temporary shelter - water and sanitation facilities - mobile medical clinic)
5. The Crescent received great praise from the United Nations for its presence in record time and for the provision of integrated services.
6. The presence of the Crescent contributed to the protection of the displaced people from violations.
7. The Crescent’s teams were present for 3 months, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
4- Stage 4 (Operations to Retake Western Anbar Areas):
Currently ongoing since 3 months
1. The operations included the areas of Rawa, Al-Qa’im, Anah and Al-Obaidi (towards the Syrian-Iraqi border)
2. A field surgical hospital was erected and established with the start of military operations in the region. The presence in this region is the only one for any international organization currently, as the area is a military operations zone and is considered the only hospital currently operating in western Anbar.
3. The Crescent and Qatar received great praise from the local population in these areas as the latter are devoid of all types of services.
4. We continue, during this stage, to support the provision of drinking water in Ramadi, the center of the governorate and Bzeibez, east of Anbar, through the installation of water purification plants.
Fourth: Targeted Groups
Targeted Groups for the field teams of the Qatar Red Crescent - Iraq Mission are primarily for displaced Iraqis in various governorates inside and outside the camps. They are divided into the following sectors:
- Department of Health:
The number of people with access to health services (primary and secondary) in 2017 was approximately 1,630,140 persons of all age groups, the elderly, women and children.
- Relief Department:
The total number of beneficiaries for 2017 as 85,467 persons.
- Project of distribution of food baskets to children in the northern Iraqi governorates; number of beneficiaries: 24,861 children.
- Water and Sanitation Department:
The total number of beneficiaries for 2017 was 241,400 persons of all age groups, the elderly, women and children.
- Project of campaigns to promote the personal hygiene of Syrian children in Erbil schools (12,000 children)
Fifth: Number of staff of the Iraq Mission
- 28 employees in Erbil office and branch offices (Anbar - Sulaymaniyah – Nineveh)
- 370 field workers and volunteers in projects
Chapter 2: Facts and Figures
First – Funding 2017:
Through Qatari institutions
Qatar Fund for Development
- Qatari donors
And through the United Nations international institutions:
2. World Health Organization (WHO)
3. International Organization for Migration (IOM)
4. International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) Iraq
5. French Red Cross (FRC)
6. The Iraq Humanitarian Pooled Fund (IHPF)
7. International Medical Corps (IMC)
8. Islamic Development Bank (IDB)
9. United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA)
Chapter 3: Overview of Iraq
First – Overview:
Since early 2014, Iraq has witnessed large waves of displacement in different areas of its territory due to armed terrorist organizations, led by ISIS. The first was in Anbar Governorate and then spread to include Nineveh Governorate and the governorates of Salah al-Din and Kirkuk. These governorates suffered from the destruction by the organization of a large part of their infrastructure and the displacement and expulsion of their residents. They witnessed the second phase of displacement of their residents when the Iraqi government announced in the last quarter (mid-October) of 2016 the start of its military operations to retake these governorates from the hands of ISIS after the latter controlled a large part of its territory, and this ended with the Iraqi Government announcing in December 2017 that it retook the cities and villages that were controlled by ISIS completely and that the latter lost the large cities that had been previously controlled by it, mainly the city of Mosul in Nineveh, and Hawija in Kirkuk, and areas of Rawah, Anah and Al-Qa’im in western Anbar.
It is no secret that Iraq witnessed a humanitarian crisis during 2017 during the operations to regain control over the city of Mosul and areas west of Kirkuk and Anbar, and the resulting waves of displacement which exceeded 2 million people, thus doubling the humanitarian suffering of Iraq since 2014 and raising the number of people in need of assistance to return to their homes to more than 5 million people in the near-total absence of all forms of basic services, which posed a threat to the lives of hundreds of thousands of people within an unstable security situation during expanded military operations in confrontation with armed groups, led by ISIS, on several fronts in north, west and central Iraq .
On the other hand, the year 2017 witnessed extensive activity for the Qatar Red Crescent Iraq Mission reaching throughout the affected Iraqi areas. The Crescent took the lead during the emergency response operations and the provision of basic humanitarian services to the people affected from the events in Mosul, (left and right side), Hawija, Tal Afar and western Anbar, as QRCS sensed the humanitarian role entrusted to it and illustrated in its adherence to the principles of neutrality and impartiality, which earned it acceptance and welcome at all official and popular levels of Iraq.
With the start of 2018 and the Iraqi government announcing that Iraq is free of terrorist entities, Iraq has entered a new stage of humanitarian action stages, requiring the combination of all sincere efforts through supporting the reconstruction phase and providing the necessary support for displaced Iraqi families by contributing to the provision of basic services to help them return to their normal lives and put a period full of suffering and pain behind their back.
The latest statistics of the International Organization for Migration (IOM)’s Displacement Tracking Matrix in Iraq show that more than 2,615,988 people (435,998 families) are still classified as displaced in different areas of Iraq, while the rates of the return of the displaced to their homes continue to increase, as the number of the displaced who have returned to their areas so far since 2014, reached 3,220,362 (536,727 families).
Therefore, Iraq has entered another stage of humanitarian work requiring combination of all the efforts of humanitarian institutions operating on Iraqi territory, both funded and executed, whereas it is necessary to provide support to families wishing to return to their homes and finding no one to assist them, whether due to the lack of medical services provided by public hospitals, which are still largely unable to activate themselves, or in terms of supplying water and sanitation services, restoring sewage networks and supplying potable water to returning families, or by providing support in the form of the repair of partially damaged houses whose owners have no sufficient income to work on repairing them and returning to them, and finally offering professional support by providing heads of households who have a certain craft or profession with the tools and kits necessary for them to revive this profession in their areas of origin, and thus the ability to generate the income necessary to meet their daily needs and enable them to endure on the return trip.
In addition to supporting families that are still displaced and cannot return currently to their areas of origin for several reasons, mainly the lack of security in those areas which have been retaken recently and do not have any elements which make returning to them easy.
Second: Special Look at the Iraq Mission
• The Qatar Red Crescent Mission was established in Iraq in 2013.
• Since its inception, the Mission has worked on various projects in support of Iraqi refugees and Syrian refugees, especially in the water and sanitation sector
• The year 2017 saw extensive activity for the Qatar Red Crescent Mission in Iraq, extending in the northern and western regions of Iraq. The Qatar Red Crescent took the lead during urgent response operations in Mosul City (right and left sides), Hawija, Tal Afar and areas west of Anbar.
• In addition to the expansion of the geographical scope of the Mission's work in Iraq in 2017, this year also witnessed an expansion in the same areas of work to include the sectors of water, sanitation, health and relief.
• During response operations, the Qatar Red Crescent Mission in Iraq relied on the strategy of partnerships whether with United Nations agencies or components of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, as well as international partners.
• The Qatar Fund for Development (QFD) was the most important donor for the Qatar Red Crescent in Iraq in 2017. The crescent received USD4M, and the amount was fully invested through partnerships with international bodies, contributing to the execution of humanitarian projects with a value exceeding USD11M.
• All the Crescent’s projects were registered as part of the 2017 Humanitarian Response Plan.
• The number of projects of the Qatar Red Crescent in Iraq exceeded 50 since the establishment of the mission in various sectors (water, sanitation, health, emergency shelter, foodstuffs), 31 of which were executed during 2017 with a total budget of about USD13.5M.
• The Qatar Red Crescent in Iraq has a main office in Erbil and three branch offices in Sulaymaniyah, Anbar and Mosul.
• The Qatar Red Crescent has office and field cadres: 400 employees and volunteers.
• The Qatar Red Crescent is the sole representative of Qatar at the United Nations coordination meetings.
• The Crescent in Iraq was distinguished by a great potential to reach the most difficult areas during the war, which clearly contributed to having a large impact at the humanitarian and media levels.